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Navigating LMIA 2023: Which Jobs Have Higher Chances of Approval?

09 June, 2023

Navigating LMIA 2023: Which Jobs Have Higher Chances of Approval?

A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is an official document issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to evaluate the consequences of employing a foreign national in Canada. When an LMIA is deemed positive, it signifies that no Canadian citizen or permanent resident is available to fulfill a particular job position, allowing an employer to hire a foreign national. Conversely, a negative LMIA suggests that the position should be filled by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.

 

What is LMIA?

 

A Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is an official document issued by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) to evaluate the consequences of employing a foreign national in Canada. When an LMIA is deemed positive, it signifies that no Canadian citizen or permanent resident is available to fulfill a particular job position, allowing an employer to hire a foreign national. Conversely, a negative LMIA suggests that the position should be filled by a Canadian citizen or permanent resident.
 
An LMIA cannot be directly applied for by a foreign national. Instead, it is a document that Canadian employers must seek. Although there are cases where certain foreign workers may be exempt from requiring an LMIA or a work permit, all categories within Canada's Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) necessitate an employer to obtain an LMIA for hiring individuals from outside of Canada. Furthermore, many of Canada's pathways to permanent residency mandate applicants to demonstrate a positive LMIA to gain points for a Canadian job offer.

 

How to apply for a LMIA?

 

Employers have the option to apply for an LMIA up to 6 months before the intended start date of the position. The application process for an LMIA differs based on the wage level of the prospective employee. It is important for employers to refer to the median hourly wages in their specific province or territory to determine if their position falls under the high-wage or low-wage category, as low-wage positions have additional criteria to fulfill. Moreover, there are specialized streams available for employers seeking LMIAs for specific areas of employment.

 

What are the occupations that are easier to obtain an LMIA in Canada?

 

When it comes to obtaining an LMIA (Labour Market Impact Assessment) in Canada, there are certain occupations that are relatively easier to secure. 
 
These occupations are typically in high demand and face a shortage of qualified Canadian workers. Sectors such as healthcare, information technology, engineering, skilled trades, and hospitality often fall into this category. 
 
By focusing on these occupations, employers are more likely to obtain a positive LMIA, as the assessment considers the availability of Canadian citizens and permanent residents to fill the positions. 
 
It is important for employers and foreign workers alike to stay updated on the current labor market trends and requirements to maximize their chances of successfully obtaining an LMIA for these in-demand occupations.

 

1. CONSTRUCTION & TRADES

 

  • Carpenter
  • Construction Electrician
  • Drywall installer
  • Bricklayer
  • Cement Finisher 
  • Tile settler
  • Furniture Finisher
  • Cabinetmaker
  • Other trades
  • Truck Drivers
  • (All areas of trades, TEER 72 and 73)
  • Maintenance / Facility Manager

 

2. FOOD SERVICE

 

  • Restaurant Manager
  • Food Service Supervisor 
  • Cooks - Food Specialties
  • Chefs
  • Meat Butcher

 

3. HEALTH

 

  • Community Support Work
  • Health Care Aids
  • Personal Support Worker
  • Social/Community worker
  • Dental Assistant 

 

4. TI, CREATIVE, AND DESIGNERS

 

  •  IT Managers
  • Software Engineer
  • Software Developers
  • System Analyst
  • Data Administrator
  • Business System Analyst
  • Network Analyst
  • Web Designers
  • Graphic Designer
  • UX / UI
  • Full Stack Developers
  • Front-end Developers
  • Back-end Developers
  • Art Managers
  • Producers

 

5. BUSINESS (LMIA with the option to work remotely first)

 

  • Technical Sales 
  • HR Specialist
  • Business Consultant
  • Bookkeeper 
  • Marketing Specialist
  • Financial Manager
  • Medical Administrative Assistant 

 

6. SPORTS COACHES, such as Soccer, Basketball, Jiujitsu, Judo, and Capoeira, among others.

 

7. ENTREPRENEURS AND SELF-SUPPORTING

 

What are the Requirements to apply for a LMIA?

 

LMIA applications must be submitted in hard copy by mail to the appropriate Service Canada Processing Centre. These applications must meet specific criteria, which include the following:
 
1. Processing Fee: All LMIA applications require a non-refundable processing fee of $1000 CAD. Even if the outcome is negative, the fee will not be refunded. However, certain applicants in the in-home caregiver category may be exempt from this fee.
 
2. Business Legitimacy Documents: Employers must provide documents that establish their status as a legitimate Canadian business.
 
3. Transition Plan: Employers are required to submit a plan outlining how they intend to transition from hiring Temporary Foreign Workers (TFWs) to Canadian citizens or permanent residents in the future. The goal is to prioritize the hiring of Canadians for the position.
 
4. Recruitment Efforts: Employers must provide evidence of their substantial efforts to recruit Canadian citizens or permanent residents for the position before considering hiring a TFW.
 
5. Wages: LMIA applications should include detailed information about the wages offered to TFWs. This differentiation is important to distinguish between high-wage and low-wage positions and to ensure that TFWs receive equitable pay compared to Canadian workers in similar roles.
 
6. Workplace Safety: TFWs are entitled to the same workplace health and safety standards as their Canadian counterparts. To meet this requirement, employers must provide evidence of insurance coverage for TFWs that is equivalent to the health coverage provided in the province or territory where the business is located.
 
By meeting these criteria, employers can enhance their chances of obtaining a positive LMIA, enabling them to hire Temporary Foreign Workers for their specific labour needs while ensuring compliance with relevant regulations and safeguards.

 

What Happens After LMIA is Approved?

 

Once an LMIA application has undergone processing, employers will receive a decision. If the decision is a positive LMIA, the employer is authorized to proceed with hiring a foreign national for the designated position. However, if a negative LMIA is issued, the employer is not approved to hire a foreign national for that particular role.
 
Positive LMIAs remain valid for a period of 6 months from the date of issue. After obtaining a positive LMIA, it is crucial for the employer to inform the foreign national so that they can initiate the process of applying for their work permit or permanent residence, depending on the circumstances.
 
In certain situations, employers may have the option to expedite the processing of their LMIA application, with a turnaround time of 10 days. However, specific conditions must be met in order to qualify for this accelerated processing timeline.
 
We are here to assist you if you are considering relocating to Canada through the LMIA process. Contact the e-Visa Immigration team for assistance and to explore all the available possibilities for you.

 

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